"The Transportation Network Company Litigation Explosion," by Matt Daus
The introduction of new "transportation network companies" or "TNCs" has had a "game changing" impact on the traditional transportation industry. TNCs offer smartphone applications ("app(s)") which provide free online booking for for-hire transportation and/or ridesharing services. Passengers request rides through an app from a private passenger vehicle driven by a non-commercially licensed driver, a commercially licensed vehicle and a commercially licensed driver, or some other configuration of licensed/unlicensed vehicles and/or drivers. Passengers generally pay for such services through a credit card, the information for which is saved electronically in the passenger's online profile for the app. The fact that anyone may pick-up a passenger, in any type of vehicle, when the app communicates the passenger's location to a driver, has resulted in an onslaught of potential legal violations of local, state, and federal law.
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